AYDIN


AYDIN
AYDIN, capital city of Aydin province in western Turkey. Population (2004): 156,600. There was a Jewish community in Aydin (then called Tralles) from the Roman era until the Ottoman period. At the beginning of the 20th century the community numbered approximately 3,000. The community was led by a rabbi, who together with a number of its members formed a communal council. The community had three synagogues, a hospital, charitable institutions, a talmud torah, and a yeshivah. In 1894 an Alliance Israélite Universelle school for boys was founded and in 1904, one for girls. The Jews were primarily engaged in import and export trade. The community, however, gradually declined and virtually ceased to exist after World War I, mainly because of the Greek invasion of western Turkey. Some of the Jews moved to Smyrna (Izmir), others to Rhodes, and about 200 families to South America. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Galanté, Histoire des Juifs d'Anatolie, 2 (1939), 127–42; EIS2, 1 (1960), 782–3 (includes bibliography). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.R. Trebilco, Jewish Communities in Asia Minor (1987). (Abraham Haim / David Kushner (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aydin — Aydın …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aydin — Aydın Aydın Tralles Administration Pays  Turquie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aydın — Tralles Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aydıñ — aydın, ay aydınlığl. I, 117 …   Divan-i Luqat-i it-Türk Dizini

  • Aydın — Infobox Settlement settlement type = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = TUR timezone=EET utc offset=+2 map caption =Location of Aydın within Turkey. timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3official name = Aidın image caption = image blank… …   Wikipedia

  • Aydin — Para otros usos de este término, véase provincia de Aydın. Aydın …   Wikipedia Español

  • aydın — sif. 1. İşıqlı, aylı, mahtab. Aydın gecə. – Azər daha çox zövq alır aydın gecələrdən. H. C.. Aydın bir gecədir, ulduzlar həsrətlə yerə baxır. S. Rüst.. 2. İşıqlı, nurlu, işıqsaçan. // Parlaq. 3. Buludsuz, açıq, təmiz. Aydın səma. Aydın hava. –… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Aydın — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Aydın …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aydın — ▪ Turkey       city, southwestern Turkey, near the Menderes River (the ancient Maeander). It is an important trading centre on the Afyon İzmir highway and rail line. Nearby is the site of ancient Tralles, said to have been founded by the Argives …   Universalium

  • AYDIN — Aydınlık. * Açık, âşikâr, açıkça görünen. * Mübârek, mesut. Bilgili, okumuş, görgülü.Bugün bazı çevrelerde batı ilim ve felsefesini tahsil edip benimseyenlere de aydın denilmektedir. Aklı gözüne inmiş, yani herşeyi maddi ölçülerle yorumlamaya… …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük


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